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1822
Erard makes a 7-octave piano

1823
- Jonas Chickering begins making pianos in Boston
- Beethoven: Diabelli Variations, Piano Sonatas Nos. 31 & 32 published

1825
Alpheus Babcock patents first single-piece metal frame for squares, Boston

1826
- Henri Pape patents use of felt for hammer covering, Paris
- Robert Wornum patents tape-check action, the basis for modern uprights, London

1828
- Ignaz Bosendorfer begins making pianos, Vienna
- Henri Pape first uses cross-stringing in small "console" uprights, Paris
- Schubert: Last three piano sonatas composed

1833
Chopin: Etudes Op. 10 published

1835
Grotrian-Steinweg pianos established by Friedrich Grotrian

1837
- Knabe Company established, Baltimore
- Schumann: Carnaval, Davidsbundlertanze, and Symphonic Etudes composed
- Liszt and Thalberg 'duel' in Paris

1839
- Liszt establishes the solo recital, performing from memory without assisting artists

1840
Herz modifies Erard's "repetition" action

1841
- Becker Company established, St. Petersburg

1843
- Chickering patents one-piece metal frame for grands
- Antoine-Jean Bord invents capo d'astro bar (downbearing bar at tuning-pin end of strings)
- Leipzig Conservatory founded

1844
Schwander opens his piano action making factory in Herrburger, Germany

1847
Gaveau Company established, Paris

1848
Debain invents an automatic mechanical piano, Paris

1849
Ed. Seiler Company established, Liegnitz/Kitzingen


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